Statistical Characteristics of compressive strength of Normal & High strength concrete and concrete made with recycled aggregate

P N Ojha, P. Singh, B. Singh, A. Singh, A. Sagar, R. Yadav


The paper presents the statistical analysis on the compressive strength of concrete with strength ranging from 30 MPa to 130 MPa. To obtain these concrete strengths, concrete mixes with virgin aggregates were prepared with four different wate r to cementitious content (w/c) ratios i.e., 0.45, 0.36, 0.24, and 0.18. With w/c ratio of 0.45, a mix is also designed using recycled construction and demolition coarse aggregate to compare statistical characteristics with respect to concrete made using virgin aggregates. The presented statistical analysis includes measure of central tendency, dispersion of the data, distribution shape properties, and precision of the mean. A normal and a log-normal distribution has been established and validated for the experimental data set of all the mixes. A correlation has also been established for the compressive strength of 100mm cube and 150mm cube. Analysis shows an increase in dispersion of data with increase in the mean compressive strength of the mix. The mix with Construction and demolition waste aggregate shows a higher standard deviation than the mix with virgin aggregates at the same w/c ratio. The correlation curve for the compressive strength of 100 mm and 150 mm size cubes, shows a conversion factor of 1.04, suggesting an insignificant difference of the compressive strength values of 100 mm and 150 mm cubes for the mix studied.


Characteristic strength; Recycled Aggregate; Standard deviation; Statistical analysis

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