Evaluation of energy efficiency measures for the ecuadorian antarctic station Pedro Vicente Maldonado through a calibrated building energy model

Isabel Miño, Carlos Naranjo, Andrés Montero

Abstract


In Antarctica, as a sensitive continent to human activities and a strategic site for research on the effects of climate change, it is important that the developed projectsminimize environmental impacts. Within this context, the Ecuadorian Antarctic seasonal Station Pedro Vicente Maldonado, built in 1990, will become, in a few yearsa permanent station. For this reason, to optimize energy consumption, various energy efficiency measures were analyzed on a calibrated energy model based on thecurrent base diesel consumption for heating. The results of this study show that the envelope elements, for which more energy is lost, are both floor and roof.Furthermore, due to the low window to wall ratio of the station, the reduction in diesel consumption generated by the use of triple and quadruple glazing is notsignificant. By combining different energy efficiency measures, up to 50% of savings on annual diesel consumption for heating can be achieved compared to thediesel consumption that the current station would present operating permanently. This study will serve as a reference for the changes to be implemented at thestation.

Rev. ing. constr. [online]. 2015, vol.30, n.2, pp. 127-134. ISSN 0718-5073.  http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50732015000200004


Keywords


Antarctica; Building Energy Modelling; Calibration; Energy Efficiency Measures; Ecuadorian station



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0718-50732015000200004

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